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How To Use Fibonacci And Fibonacci Extensions

Who has not seen the beach girl who is throwing back her wet hair, corn flowers or shells that all have the perfect Fibonacci spiral assigned to it? People then try to tell you that Fibonaccis are a ‘natural’ occurrence and that their presence signals something special. The truth is, for every Fibonacci spiral that you randomly find somewhere, there will be tens of thousands of things where a Fibonacci sequence cannot be seen.

And especially, when it comes to trading, Fibonaccis are not a superior way of predicting and analyzing price behavior, but it is more like a self-fulfilling prophecy when you see it ‘work’. When you can use it in combination with other concepts, you will be able to benefit from it and no doubt, Fibonaccis can be a great addition to your trading arsenal as you will see shortly.


How to use Fibonacci? There is no right or wrong

Often, traders who have no prior experience with Fibonaccis are worried that they are ‘doing it wrong’ and don’t use the Fibonacci tool correctly. I can assure you, there is no right or wrong and you will also see that many traders use Fibonaccis in a slightly different way. When it comes to using Fibonaccis, there are only a handful of things you have to be aware of. But after playing around with Fibonaccis for a short while, you will become comfortable very quickly.



Step 1 –  Find an ‘A to B’ move

To use the Fibonacci retracements, you have to identify an ‘A to B’ move where you can use the Fibonacci retracement tool. What do we mean with ‘A to B’?

A = the origin of a new price move. These are usually swing highs and lows, or tops and bottoms.

B = Where the move pauses and reverses. 


The following 4 screenshots show typical A to B moves

 Fibonacci_Trading1  Fibonacci_Trading2
 Fibonacci_Trading3  Fibonacci_Trading4

Now let’s apply the Fibonacci retracement tool to the A to B moves. Just pick the Fibonacci tool from your platform, select point ‘A’, drag it to ‘B’ and release it.


Connecting A to B moves with the Fibonacci retracement tool

Fibonacci_Trading1_1 Fibonacci_Trading2_1
 Fibonacci_Trading3_1  Fibonacci_Trading4_1


Step 2 – Find the retracement point C

After you have identified an A to B move and plotted your Fibonacci tool on your charts, you should be able to find point C.

C = the point where the retracement ends and price reverses into the original direction.


As you can see, the first 3 screenshots show the typical ABC move of a Fibonacci retracement. Point C is very obvious on all three charts and price bounced off the Fibonacci levels accurately.


 Finding the C-Fibonacci retracement level

click to enlarge
click to enlarge
click to enlarge



The fourth screenshot shows a scenario where price did not go back to the B-Fibonacci level, but breaks the prior A-Fibonacci. It’s important to understand that not all price moves will stop at a Fibonacci level. But, as you can see on the fourth screenshot, the Fibonacci tool can be used to identify support and resistance areas as well as we will explore in more detail shortly; the last screenshot shows nicely how price reacts to several different Fibonacci levels during the retracement.



Tip #1: Trial and error

Especially for beginners, the following exercise will help you build a strong foundation when it comes to drawing Fibonacci levels: Just grab the Fibonacci retracement tool and try to put it on different spots, while observing how price reacts to it. Usually, the more ‘snaps’ (price bouncing off a level) you see, the more important the Fibonacci retracement is.


Tip #2: Don’t force a Fibonacci

Not every time you’ll be able to use a Fibonacci retracement to make sense of a price move. If you can’t make the Fibonacci levels snap, don’t try to force it. The best and most helpful Fibonacci retracements are those where you don’t have to look long.


Using Fibonacci

#1 Retracements as re-entries

The most common use for Fibonacci levels is the regular retracement strategy. After identifying the ‘A to B’ move, you pay attention to the retracement level C.

The screenshots below show a sudden bullish move in a larger uptrend. Often, traders miss such sudden outbursts and then try to find re-entries during pullbacks. The Fibonacci tool is ideal to identify swing-points during pullbacks as the sequence indicates. With the Fibonacci retracement tool, a trader would have been able to find 2 Fibonacci re-entries on the pullbacks.


[/sociallocker] Using Fibonacci retracements as re-entries in a trade – click to enlarge

#2 Support and resistance

Another possibility to use Fibonaccis is to find an AB-Fibonacci move on a higher timeframe and then go down to your regular timeframe and watch the retracement levels as support and resistance guidelines.

The first screenshot below shows the Daily timeframe of the current EUR/USD chart. As you can see, there was a regular ‘A to B’ move. The screenshot in the bottom shows the same Fibonacci retracement but on the lower, 4 hour timeframe. As you can see, throughout the whole time, price reacted fairly accurately to the Fibonacci levels.


Daily timeframe with an ‘A to B’ Fibonacci move – click to enlarge
Fibonacci levels acting as support and resistance on a lower timeframe – click to enlarge


#3 Fibonacci levels for Take Profits – Fibonacci Extensions

Finally, you can also use Fibonaccis for your take profit orders. Especially the Fibonacci extensions are ideal to determine take profit levels in a trend. The most commonly used Fibonacci extension levels are 138.2 and 161.8.

Most trading platforms allow you to add custom levels. Usually, the parameters to add the Fibonacci extensions are:

-0.618 for the 161.8 Fibonacci extension

-0.382 for the 138.2 Fibonacci extension

The rules for take profit orders are very individual, but most traders use it as follows:

A 50, 61.8 or 78.6 retracement will often go to the 161 Fibonacci extension after breaking through the 0%-level. A 38.2 retracement will often come to a halt at the 138 Fibonacci extension. The screenshots below show the Fibonacci moves from the beginning and this time we applied the extensions to the price moves. As you can see, the extensions provided great places for take profit orders.


A 78.6 retracement goes to the 161 Fibonacci extension – click to enlarge
A 50 retracement goes to the 168 Fibonacci retracement – click to enlarge

Fibonacci_Trading10click to enlarge


Conclusion: Fibonaccis are multifunctional

The article demonstrated how to use Fibonaccis efficiently in your trading. However, don’t make the mistake of idealizing FIbonaccis and believing that they are superior over other tools and methods. Nevertheless, Fibonacci is a great tool to have and can be used very effectively as another confirmation method. Whether you are a trend following or a support and resistance trader, or just looking for ideas how to place your take profit orders, Fibonaccis are a great addition to your arsenal.

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